Pavers have been used for thousands of years to create patios, walkways and roads. Modern day paver techniques are changing constantly, using different materials and procedures. While following ICPI techniques and procedures, we can create amazing patios built to last.
ICPI is a North American trade association representing interlocking paver installation. Their techniques and procedures result in some of the most durable patios.
We often come across patios that were not installed correctly. Before you have a contractor install your patio, ensure they are qualified by asking some important question, such as "how thick is the base layer" and ask if they have any third party training. These questions will ensure your patio will be installed properly and last. If your contractor doesn't install the patio correctly, it could result in major issues and expense down the road. Ensure it's built right the first time.
We'll go over how we install patios, so you'll know you're getting a quality patio with no skipped steps. Each and every one of our patios follow these techniques, our staff are continually trained to ensure they're receiving the most up to date information.
This is a diagram of the different patio and walkway parts. Each part of the process is vital to build a proper patio that will last!
Our 14 Step Process to Paver Patio, Walkway & Driveway Installation
1 - Planning & Design
The first step in building your patio is the planning and design stage. We go through a list of options, such as:
Where should the patio go?
What will you be using it for?
How big should it be?
For a thorough list of questions and details to review, Click HERE
From the planning stage, we move onto a design. Each patio we install comes with a basic design so you'll know what you're getting. This design will show the shape, size and look of the patio to ensure it's what you want and suits your needs.
2 - Grade & Layout
Once the planning and design are finished, it's time to get started, we grade the area using a laser level and stakes to ensure the patio is installed at the proper elevation. We use paint to mark the outline of the patio to get ready for excavation.
3 - Excavate & Remove Soil
The next step, we excavate and remove the soil from the area, ensuring we go past the minimum depth. For a typical patio or walkway we account for the pavers, bedding sand and base, which ends up being a 9 to 12 inch deep hole. We use a minimum of 6 inches of base on the typical patio or walkway. Driveways and certain soil conditions may require we have a base of 10 to 12 inches or more.
4 - Amend & Compact Soil
Once the hole is dug and soil is hauled away, we amend the soil. This means we use limestone to ensure the soil has the correct consistency so we can compact it prior to the base installation. Once limestone is added, we compact the soil before the base process.
5 - Install Geotextile Underlayment
Geotextile underlayment is added to separate the soil from the base, this ensures the soil doesn't mix in with the base, which would lead to erosion and issues down the road. Geotextile is a fabric, often times similar to felt or garden bed w